Are trails the hot trend in community recreation?

Some of the area’s newest and planned recreation destinations are described as “slam dunks” and “home runs.”

But they have nothing to do with basketball or baseball.

The Town of Tonawanda’s 4-mile rails-to-trails path has gotten rave reviews for nearly two years. The City of Tonawanda (NY) is trying to capitalize on its confluence of trails by enticing users to visit its downtown shops. Construction of an 8-mile trail along the western shore of Grand Island begins this spring. And the town and village of Hamburg are getting serious about a trail system.

“In my opinion this is the best thing they’ve done in a long time in Tonawanda,” said Andrew Lange, who interrupted his jog on the rails-to-trails path Saturday just long enough to answer a reporter’s question. “This is free, so this is for me.”

Municipalities are still building and maintaining complexes like ice rinks and aquatic centers, experts say. Participation in organized field sports and leagues is showing signs of decline, but is still strong.

But passive pursuits offered by trails and pathways are increasingly becoming a municipal priority, said Adam Bossi, a project consultant for Colorado-based GreenPlay, which advises towns on recreational offerings.

“There’s definitely a shift in people’s focus to want to do these types of trail-based activities locally in addition to playing baseball, swimming or any of the other things towns, YMCAs or private organizations are providing,” Bossi said.

Last week Bossi presented Amherst officials the draft of a yearlong update to the town’s recreation master plan, including the results of a survey of town residents.

“When it comes to trails, especially, we did see a strong desire across the board for better walking and biking experiences,” he said. “Folks want to be able to get to different places without getting in the car.”

Happy trails

The trail trend is real, and growing:

  • New York soon will close to vehicle traffic the West River Parkway in Grand Island. Construction will turn the seasonal state road along the Niagara River into an 8-mile RiverView Connector Trail for bicyclists, joggers and walkers. The $2.5 million project is expected to be complete by late fall.
  • In 2010, the 4-mile Heritage Trail opened in Lancaster, ending at the Alden town line.
  • In the Southtowns, members of Erie Cattaraugus Rail Trail, an all-volunteer nonprofit trail sponsor, said they’re close to acquiring control of the discontinued 27.6-mile Buffalo & Pittsburgh Railroad right of way. The trail would stretch from Orchard Park south through Springville to Ashford in Cattaraugus County.
  • In Tonawanda, the rails-to-trails path along an old railbed opened to acclaim in 2016.

“I can’t believe how many people use it,” said Jeffrey Ehlers, the town’s Youth, Parks and Recreation Department director, adding: “I’ve heard nothing but compliments about it.”

In fact, the town is enhancing the trail’s connectivity by adding a loop trail around adjacent Lincoln Park.

Sometime this year, the northern terminus of the rails-to-trails path at State Street in the City of Tonawanda will be extended north to connect with the Canalway Trail.

Also, the city in August opened its Blue and Greenways Intermodal Hub, a rest stop and plaza for bicyclists and hikers using its trails and pathways. The $1.14 million facility is designed to evoke a turn-of-the-century carriage house with concrete sidewalks that resemble a bicycle wheel from above.

To Mayor Rick Davis, the trails create an economic development opportunity.

“We really wanted to capitalize on the frequency that those bike trails get used to provide people with a place to stop and rest and hopefully frequent some of the businesses in our downtown area,” Davis said.

A 2014 American Planning Association study found that two-thirds of millennials and baby boomers agree that improving walkability in a community is directly related to strengthening the local economy. In fact, trails are popular across generations. A “cultural shift” is driving interest in trail-based activities like walking, jogging and cycling, Bossi said.

“We see a lot of baby boomers maintaining a more active lifestyle than maybe their grandparents did at that age,” Bossi said.

‘Sticker shock’

In an earlier era, municipal recreation meant building things for residents and then passing on the cost, either through user fees or taxes to maintain them. The region is still rife with public golf courses, tennis courts, playgrounds and pools. But tightening budgets and declining usage have led towns to think twice about building big-ticket items.

The Hamburg Town Board in late November terminated a contract with the Toronto firm that was planning to build a $30 million public-private sports facility in the town. The contract, approved in July 2016, became controversial when details about where it would be built and how much it might cost were not immediately disclosed.

The Town of Tonawanda is looking at replacing its aging Brighton ice arena – one of two in the town. But that has proven to be a tougher sell than the rails-to-trails project.

“Certainly there is that sticker shock that goes along with it,” Bossi said. “A lot of these types of facilities are in the tens of millions of dollars to start constructing. Then it’s a substantial commitment to staff, operate and maintain it. That said, communities that really want to do this will do it.”

The Town of Tonawanda also is home to an aquatic and fitness center – considered one of the jewels in its recreation system. It was built in 1991 for $3.8 million, or $7 million in today’s dollars, on the spot where an outdoor pool once stood. By contrast, the entire 4 miles of Tonawanda Rails to Trails cost $3.5 million, and was funded mostly with grants.

The center faces challenges, including competition from national chains of fitness clubs and state-mandated increases to the minimum wage paid to the center’s 130 part-timers, Ehlers said.

The increases have driven the center’s personnel costs to $950,000 of its total operating budget of $1.27 million.

Could the town build the aquatic center today?

“It’s a different time,” he said. “When we made the aquatic and fitness center, the economy was totally different than it is today.”

A priority

Trails don’t bring in revenue, but there’s a demand for them.

Creation of an interconnected system of pedestrian and bicycle trails and paths was identified as a priority in the Amherst report.

The study found that the town has limited connectivity of neighborhoods to parks, and parks to parks, via trails. “The existing system of multiuse paths, sidewalks and trails has potential to be expanded to provide better pedestrian and bicycle connections within the town,” the report found.

Erie County also is in the midst of an update to its parks master plan, and in both the town and county studies, trails and pathways rose to the top as the most important amenity in the region.

Towns are changing their recreation game plans in response, Bossi said, while trying to offer something for everyone.

“One of the challenges for towns, especially one as large as Amherst, is there’s a huge diversity of people and everyone wants to do something different,” he said. “Being a public provider of recreation services, you’re really trying to cater to a huge segment of people with a variety of interests.” – by Joseph Popiolkowski, The Buffalo News (New York)